Bat ears or prominent ears can be corrected through otoplasty which is a solution for protruding ears. The surgical reshaping of the outer ear is a reconstructive process. Pinned back ears that are prominent can be corrected through cosmetic surgery. Otoplasty usually done during childhood before school going age but can be performed on patients across any age group. The cartilage of the protruding ear is remodeled using two ways:
In this process which is safe and simple, the surgeon treats babies who are 2 months old or less. The softer cartilage is reshaped with the help of a splint for supporting the ear and maintaining it in the new position. Once the 6 months of the child elapses, the cartilage in the ears becomes harder for being remodeled with splints. For kids who are older, the only option for treatment is surgery.
These techniques are used for correcting, reconstructing or replacing defective, deformed or a missing pinna or ear. In the process, the shape of the cartilage is altered. For achieving the best of results, otoplasty should be executed once the ears have attained their complete size. The ears of most kids will reach their full size by the time they are 5. With the help of surgery, you can create the folds which are lacking and place the ear near to the head.
Types of Otoplasty
There are 3 primary types of otoplasty. These include:
Augmentation of the Ear
This is where the pinna is non-existent (microtia) or underdeveloped.
Ear Pinback or Otopexy
Here, the distended ears are made to flatten.
This is when the ear is too large and is medically known as macrotia.
Otoplasty is usually performed by plastic surgeons ,ENT surgeons of the nose, ear and throat and at times pediatric surgeons. Otoplasty is performed on adults at the Elegance Plastic Surgery Clinic under intravenous sedation along with local anesthesia. General anesthesia is used in kids. An incision is made at the back of the ear. The process lasts for up to a couple of hours. The thin scar appears behind the ears and hidden from common view. The scar tends to fade with the passage of time and becomes invisible gradually.
The patient has bandages on the ears for days following the surgery. When bandages are placed, patients cannot wash their hair. Once the bandages are eliminated, they may wear a loose supportive headband on the ears at night. This takes the tension away from the ears. The headband should be placed loosely on the head to stop the ears from being pulled to the front once the patient makes a movement in their sleep.
The patient may return to work or school within a week following the surgery. They can resume regular activity and exercise within a couple of weeks. Patients at the Elegance Plastic Surgery Clinic are advised to avoid activities that might injure their ears during the phase of recovery so as to achieve the best of results.