If you have a severe burn in your foot, you might have to go through debriding or the elimination of dead tissue before reconstructive surgery. When that is done, the surgeon at the Elegance Plastic Surgery Clinic might suggest a number of processes. One of them is skin grafting. In this process, the skin from one part of the body is used in the burnt part through a transplant. There are two kinds of skin graft procedures: split thickness graft (where some layers of outer skin are transplanted from another area), and full thickness grafts (including the entire dermis). Permanent scarring is noted here.

In the occasion of a skin graft, a dermatone is used to cut the skin from the donor site which is generally hidden by clothing (such as the inner thigh or buttocks). The graft is then placed on the area where the burn has taken place and held together with dressing and some stitches. There is a dressing provided in the donor site so that there is no infection. The recovery time from split thickness graft is fast, less than 3 weeks. In the full thickness grafts, the recovery time is longer. Other than burn patients, the grafts can be used in nose or breast reconstruction.

If you have lost a part of your foot due to burns, microsurgery might allow reattachment. In the process, the surgeon uses a microscope for assisting the reconstructive procedures in sewing the tiny nerves and blood vessels to repair damaged arteries and nerves. It is a process that helps in the reconstruction of breasts and relief of facial paralysis. Microsurgery is typically used with other surgical processes such as free flap procedures.

The free flap procedure is used for reconstructing the surgical site. Tissue expansion helps in the growth of additional skin for being used for reconstructive purposes. It is achieved with the insertion of a balloon expander under the skin near the area which requires repair. The balloon is usually filled with salt water or a saline solution, gradually leading to the stretching and growth of the skin. Once enough of additional skin has grown, it is used for correcting and reconstructing a damaged part of the body.

Most of the burns do not call for hospitalization, but all of them require some sort of treatment. Cleansing the burned area and keeping it clean help in reducing the pain for less severe foot burns.